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A peine adopté, l’accord Privacy Shield sur les données personnelles est déjà menacé

LE MONDE | |Par Martin Untersinger

http://www.lemonde.fr/pixels/article/2016/07/13/a-peine-adopte-l-accord-privacy-shield-sur-les-donnees-personnelles-est-deja-menace_4969020_4408996.html

L’avenir de l’accord « Privacy Shield » entre l’Union européenne et les Etats-Unis, obtenu après de longs mois de difficiles négociations sous l’égide de la Commission, est déjà menacé.

Cet accord établit un cadre légal pour les entreprises qui souhaitenttransférer des données personnelles d’Européens aux États-Unis : c’est le cas de nombreuses sociétés qui proposent des services européens mais sont basées outre-Atlantique. Le Privacy Shield, définitivement adopté par l’UE le 12 juillet, remplace le Safe Harbour, un accord du même type qui avait été invalidé en 2015 par la justice européenne.

Pour que l’accord soit conforme au droit européen, les États-Unis doiventoffrir aux données européennes sur leur territoire une protection« essentiellement équivalente » à celle que proposent les textes sur le Vieux Continent. L’ampleur de la surveillance menée sur Internet par les États-Unis, et l’absence de garde-fous pour les internautes européens avait lourdement pesé dans l’annulation du Safe Harbour.

Or rien n’indique à ce stade que les pratiques des services de renseignement américain aient significativement changé. Ainsi, l’accord prévoit que les États-Unis puissent surveiller les données des Européens dans les affaires de « sécurité nationale » ou lorsque « l’intérêt public » est en cause. Des notions floues qui laissent une bonne marge de manœuvre aux autorités américaines. Par ailleurs, la collecte de grandes quantités de données européennes est toujours envisagée… si un ciblage individuel n’est pas possible.

LIRE AUSSI :   Données personnelles : Bruxelles lance un nouveau cadre juridique pour les transferts vers les Etats-Unis

Une nouvelle invalidation ?

Même si la Commission insiste sur le fait que cet accord est« fondamentalement différent » du précédent qui a été annulé, cette permanence de la surveillance américaine pourrait être utilisée devant la justice pour obtenir, à nouveau, une annulation. C’est ce qu’a affirmé à plusieurs reprises Max Schrems, le juriste autrichien dont l’action en justice a conduit à l’annulation du Safe Harbour.

Lire la suite

European Commission launches EU-U.S. Privacy Shield: stronger protection for transatlantic data flows

Source : http://europa.eu/rapid/press-release_IP-16-2461_en.htm 

European Commission – Press release

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European Commission launches EU-U.S. Privacy Shield: stronger protection for transatlantic data flows

Brussels, 12 July 2016

Today the European Commission adopted the EU-U.S. Privacy Shield.

This new framework protects the fundamental rights of anyone in the EU whose personal data is transferred to the United States as well as bringing legal clarity for businesses relying on transatlantic data transfers.

Andrus Ansip, Commission Vice-President for the Digital Single Market, said: « We have approved the new EU-U.S. Privacy Shield today. It will protect the personal data of our people and provide clarity for businesses. We have worked hard with all our partners in Europe and in the US to get this deal right and to have it done as soon as possible. Data flows between our two continents are essential to our society and economy – we now have a robust framework ensuring these transfers take place in the best and safest conditions ».

Věra Jourová, Commissioner for Justice, Consumers and Gender Equality said: « The EU-U.S. Privacy Shield is a robust new system to protect the personal data of Europeans and ensure legal certainty for businesses. It brings stronger data protection standards that are better enforced, safeguards on government access, and easier redress for individuals in case of complaints. The new framework will restore the trust of consumers when their data is transferred across the Atlantic. We have worked together with the European data protection authorities, the European Parliament, the Member States and our U.S. counterparts to put in place an arrangement with the highest standards to protect Europeans’ personal data« .

The EU-U.S. Privacy Shield is based on the following principles:

  • Strong obligations on companies handling data: under the new arrangement, the U.S. Department of Commerce will conductregular updates and reviews of participating companies, to ensure that companies follow the rules they submitted themselves to. If companies do not comply in practice they face sanctions and removal from the list. The tightening of conditions for the onward transfers of data to third parties will guarantee the same level of protection in case of a transfer from a Privacy Shield company.
  • Clear safeguards and transparency obligations on U.S. government access: The US has given the EU assurance that the access of public authorities for law enforcement and national security is subject to clear limitations, safeguards and oversight mechanisms. Everyone in the EU will, also for the first time, benefit from redress mechanisms in this area. The U.S. has ruled out indiscriminate mass surveillance on personal data transferred to the US under the EU-U.S. Privacy Shield arrangement. The Office of the Director of National Intelligence further clarified that bulk collection of data could only be used under specific preconditions and needs to be as targeted and focused as possible. It details the safeguards in place for the use of data under such exceptional circumstances. The U.S. Secretary of State has established a redress possibility in the area of national intelligence for Europeans through anOmbudsperson mechanism within the Department of State.
  • Effective protection of individual rights: Any citizen who considers that their data has been misused under the Privacy Shield scheme will benefit from several accessible and affordable dispute resolution mechanisms. Ideally, the complaint will be resolved by the company itself; or free of charge Alternative Dispute resolution (ADR) solutions will be offered. Individuals can also go to theirnational Data Protection Authorities, who will work with the Federal Trade Commission to ensure that complaints by EU citizens are investigated and resolved. If a case is not resolved by any of the other means, as a last resort there will be anarbitration mechanism. Redress possibility in the area of national security for EU citizens’ will be handled by an Ombudspersonindependent from the US intelligence services.
  • Annual joint review mechanism: the mechanism will monitor the functioning of the Privacy Shield, including the commitments and assurance as regards access to data for law enforcement and national security purposes. The European Commission and the U.S. Department of Commerce will conduct the review and associate national intelligence experts from the U.S. and European Data Protection Authorities. The Commission will draw on all other sources of information available and will issue a public report to the European Parliament and the Council.

Since presenting the draft Privacy Shield in February, the Commission has drawn on the opinions of the European data protection authorities (Art. 29 working party) and the European Data Protection Supervisor, and the resolution of the European Parliament to include a number of additional clarifications and improvements. The European Commission and the U.S. notably agreed on additional clarifications on bulk collection of data, strengthening the Ombudsperson mechanism, and more explicit obligations on companies as regards limits on retention and onward transfers.

Next steps: The « adequacy decision » will be notified today to the Member States and thereby enter into force immediately. On the U.S. side, the Privacy Shield framework will be published in the Federal Register, the equivalent to our Official Journal. The U.S. Department of Commerce will start operating the Privacy Shield. Once companies have had an opportunity to review the framework and update their compliance, companies will be able to certify with the Commerce Department starting August 1. In parallel, the Commission will publish a short guide for citizens explaining the available remedies in case an individual considers that his personal data has been used without taking into account the data protection rules.

Background

On 2 February 2016 the European Commission and the U.S. Government reached a political agreement on a new framework for transatlantic exchanges of personal data for commercial purposes: the EU-U.S. Privacy Shield (IP/16/216). The Commission presented the draft decision texts on 29 February 2016. Following the opinion of the article 29 working party (data protection authorities) of 13 April and the European Parliament resolution of 26 May, the Commission finalised the adoption procedure on 12 July 2016.

The EU-U.S. Privacy Shield reflects the requirements set out by the European Court of Justice in its ruling on 6 October 2015, which declared the old Safe Harbour framework invalid.

For more information

Adequacy decision

Annexes

Q&A

Factsheet

Communication: Transatlantic Data Flows: Restoring Trust through Strong Safeguards

World Economic Forum : 8 digital skills we must teach our children

Source : https://www.weforum.org/agenda/2016/06/8-digital-skills-we-must-teach-our-children?

The social and economic impact of technology is widespread and accelerating. The speed and volume of information have increased exponentially. Experts are predicting that 90% of the entire population will be connected to the internet within 10 years. With the internet of things, the digital and physical worlds will soon be merged. These changes herald exciting possibilities. But they also create uncertainty. And our kids are at the centre of this dynamic change.

Children are using digital technologies and media at increasingly younger ages and for longer periods of time. They spend an average of seven hours a day in front of screens – from televisions and computers, to mobile phones and various digital devices. This is more than the time children spend with their parents or in school. As such, it can have a significant impact on their health and well-being. What digital content they consume, who they meet online and how much time they spend onscreen – all these factors will greatly influence children’s overall development.

The digital world is a vast expanse of learning and entertainment. But it is in this digital world that kids are also exposed to many risks, such as cyberbullying, technology addiction, obscene and violent content, radicalization, scams and data theft. The problem lies in the fast and ever evolving nature of the digital world, where proper internet governance and policies for child protection are slow to catch up, rendering them ineffective.

Moreover, there is the digital age gap. The way children use technology is very different from adults. This gap makes it difficult for parents and educators to fully understand the risks and threats that children could face online. As a result, adults may feel unable to advise children on the safe and responsible use of digital technologies. Likewise, this gap gives rise to different perspectives of what is considered acceptable behaviour.

So how can we, as parents, educators and leaders, prepare our children for the digital age? Without a doubt, it is critical for us to equip them with digital intelligence.

 8 digital skills we must teach our children

Digital intelligence or “DQ” is the set of social, emotional and cognitive abilities that enable individuals to face the challenges and adapt to the demands of digital life. These abilities can broadly be broken down into eight interconnected areas:

Digital identity: The ability to create and manage one’s online identity and reputation. This includes an awareness of one’s online persona and management of the short-term and long-term impact of one’s online presence.

Digital use: The ability to use digital devices and media, including the mastery of control in order to achieve a healthy balance between life online and offline.

Digital safety: The ability to manage risks online (e.g. cyberbullying, grooming, radicalization) as well as problematic content (e.g. violence and obscenity), and to avoid and limit these risks.

Digital security: The ability to detect cyber threats (e.g. hacking, scams, malware), to understand best practices and to use suitable security tools for data protection.

Digital emotional intelligence: The ability to be empathetic and build good relationships with others online.

Digital communication: The ability to communicate and collaborate with others using digital technologies and media.

Digital literacy: The ability to find, evaluate, utilize, share and create content as well as competency in computational thinking.

Digital rights: The ability to understand and uphold personal and legal rights, including the rights to privacy, intellectual property, freedom of speech and protection from hate speech.

Above all, the acquisition of these abilities should be rooted in desirable human values such as respect, empathy and prudence. These values facilitate the wise and responsible use of technology – an attribute which will mark the future leaders of tomorrow. Indeed, cultivating digital intelligence grounded in human values is essential for our kids to become masters of technology instead of being mastered by it.

 

 

Council conclusions on developing media literacy and critical thinking through education and training

30/5/2016 | PRESS RELEASE
Council of EU

Council conclusions on developing media literacy and critical thinking through education and training

Conclusions adopted by the Council on developing media literacy and critical thinking through education and training acknowledge the many benefits and opportunities that the Internet and social media can bring, but also highlight the potential threats and dangers they can present. The conclusions stress the fundamental role of education and training in helping young people to become media-literate and responsible citizens of the future.

Read the full text of the Council conclusion on developing media literacy and critical thinking through education and training

Go to the website

Council conclusions on developing media literacy and critical thinking through education and training

  • 30/05/2016
  • Education & training
  • Culture
Conclusions adopted by the Council on developing media literacy and critical thinking through education and training acknowledge the many benefits and opportunities that the Internet and social media can bring, but also highlight the potential threats and dangers they can present. The conclusions stress the fundamental role of education and training in helping young people to become media-literate and responsible citizens of the future.
Press contacts

Helena Gomes
Press officer
+32 22817040
+32 479955079

http://www.consilium.europa.eu/en/press/press-releases/2016/05/30-31-eycs-conclusions-developing-media-literacy/?utm_source=dsms-auto&utm_medium=email&utm_campaign=Council+conclusions+on+developing+media+literacy+and+critical+thinking+through+education+and+training

European Citizenship Awards 2016: Last call for nominations!

volonteurope

Media Initiative of the Year: rewarding professional media and media-based collaborative initiatives which give citizens effective tools to engage and bring about positive change in their communities; successful media initiatives will have used different tools for engagement and enhanced citizens’ participation, fostered an informed citizenry and enabled the development of a common civic space.

The deadline for nominations is 20 May 2016

European Citizenship Awards 2016: Call for nominations

 

Protéger et autonomiser les citoyens sur l’internet – nouvelle stratégie sur la gouvernance de l’internet

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Le Comité des Ministres du Conseil de l’Europe a adopté sa Stratégie sur la gouvernance de l’internet pour 2016-2019 qui vise à relever les défis relatifs aux droits de l’homme, à la démocratie et à l’Etat de droit dans un environnement en ligne qui évolue rapidement.

Avec cette stratégie, le Conseil de l’Europe cherche à aider les 47 Etats membres du Conseil de l’Europe à protéger et à respecter effectivement les droits de l’homme et l’Etat de droit en ligne et à donner aux citoyens les moyens d’étudier les possibilités qu’offre l’internet pour l’éducation et la participation démocratique.

La stratégie énonce les axes prioritaires du Conseil de l’Europe au cours des quatre prochaines années dans différents domaines. Elle porte par exemple sur des questions comme « l’internet des objets », tendance croissante qui permet aux utilisateurs d’être reliés à des appareils domestiques, la surveillance de masse, la radicalisation violente, le discours de haine et les violences en ligne.

L’une des priorités sera d’étudier plus avant et de promouvoir la valeur de service public de l’internet en tant qu’outil permettant de participer à la vie publique et de profiter de la culture numérique. La stratégie présente un aspect novateur en ce qu’elle souligne l’importance pour les utilisateurs de créer une relation équilibrée avec l’internet fondée sur la liberté de se connecter mais aussi de se déconnecter.

Certaines des actions prévues sont les suivantes :

  • mise en place d’une plateforme réunissant les gouvernements et les grandes entreprises actives sur l’internet pour promouvoir le respect des droits de l’homme en ligne ;
  • élaboration de mesures concrètes pour répondre aux inquiétudes liées à la surveillance de masse et à l’interception massive de données :
  • élaboration de normes sur le rôle des intermédiaires de l’internet par rapport à la liberté d’expression compte tenu des bonnes pratiques relatives au blocage, au filtrage et au retrait de contenus sur l’internet ;
  • lancement d’une consultation sur l’éducation européenne en vue de l’élaboration d’un livre blanc sur l’éducation aux médias et à l’information ;
  • promotion de la création d’un réseau d’institutions nationales pour guider les utilisateurs de l’internet qui souhaitent demander réparation lorsque leurs droits de l’homme ont été violés en ligne ;
  • élaboration de rapports triennaux sur l’état de la protection des données sur l’internet en Europe ;
  • évaluation et réexamen de la gouvernance de la santé sur mobile et de la cybersanté.

Pour appliquer la stratégie, le Conseil de l’Europe travaillera avec des partenaires d’autres organisations internationales, le secteur privé, la société civile, des chercheurs, des universitaires et des réseaux et des organismes de gouvernance de l’internet, comme le Forum sur la gouvernance de l’internet ou le dialogue européen sur la gouvernance de l’internet (EuroDIG).

Dossier spécial : Protéger les droits de l’homme en ligne

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MEDIAEDUCATION.FR : plateforme de l’éducation à l’information et la liberté d’expression

carte france

En 2013, deux jeunes diplômées du master 2 d’éducation aux médias de l’Université Paris III Sorbonne Nouvelle, Marie Camier-Théron et Marion Moureaux-Voisin, créaient le site MediaEducation.fr. Cette version initiale du site sera disponible sur la plate-forme actuelle dans les plus bref délais.

En 2016, ce même Url est restructuré et développé pour devenir

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fruit d’une collaboration de l’Alliance internationale de journalistes (AIJ) et de l’École des métiers de l’information (EMI).

La plate-forme MediaEducation.fr fédère les acteurs, les initiatives, les lieux et les pratiques dédiés à l’éducation aux médias.

Ses missions :

  • Informer sur tout ce qui se passe en matière d’éducation à l’information et à la liberté d’expression ;
  • Promouvoir les nombreuses initiatives menées en France auprès des jeunes dans tous les cadres et environnements possibles – temps scolaires et hors temps scolaires ;
  • Animer des échanges entre acteurs sur leurs expériences et pratiques, les difficultés rencontrées, les solutions et innovations mises en œuvre ;
  • Faciliter les opérations sur le terrain par la mise en relation entre journalistes et éducateurs ainsi que la mise à disposition de ressources et matériels pédagogiques ;
  • Relier le monde de l’éducation et le monde des professionnels de l’information.

Allez voir la carte interactive des échanges et évenements d’EMI de France sur www.mediaeducation.fr. A suivre…

Save The Date, UK Industry Conference 2016, GCSE and ‘A’ Level reforms, Film Distribution, Film Language

FILM SPACE

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

SAVE THE DATE! 21ST JUNE 2016

We’re pleased to announce that this year’s BEHIND THE FILM INDUSTRY Conference will take place on Tuesday 21st June (10.00-4.00) at a central London location.

This is a “must attend” conference for all GCSE /AS and A level Film and Media Studies.

We’ll be announcing more details after the Easter holidays. If you’d like to express an interest in coming along then please email behindthefilmindustry2016@thefilmspace.org

Looking forward to seeing you there.

 

GCSE AND A LEVEL REFORMS

The saga of the GCSE and A level reforms continues. Ofqual have published a new consultation document mainly regarding coursework. For more details please visit the Media Education Association website at http://www.themea.org.uk/

The consultation document (all 92 pages of it!) can be found at 

https://www.gov.uk/government/consultations/gcse-as-and-a-level-reform-regulations-for-film-studies-and-media-studies

It is vitally important that as many people as possible respond to this.

 

THE ULTIMATE GUIDE TO FILM DISTRIBUTION

If you haven’t yet had a look at the FDA100 website which examines the ways in which films are distributed we would heartily recommend that you do.

The resource provides insights into film distribution from those who are involved in the whole process, a nice taster for the BEHIND THE FILM INDUSTRY conference.

http://thefilmspace.org/fda100/

 

FILM LANGUAGE

If you are currently either teaching or revising the Film Language topic may we also recommend our THINKING FILM – FILM LANGUAGE resource?

Packed with film extracts, interviews with creative personnel, accompanying worksheets and schemes of work this resource is downloadable (free of charge)at:

http://www.thefilmspace.org/thinking-film/

 

The Film Space/Film Education Resources

To access over 400 film related, curriculum related resources, free of charge, go to http://www.thefilmspace.org

Join our social community and be the first ones to know about new resources!

This message was sent to didier.schretter@aeema.net by The Film Space